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China’s architect of change: Zhang Xin

Zhang Xin

The predominantly grey skyline of Beijing is rebelliously livened up by the stark white Galaxy SOHO, a commercial building that breaks all myths and preconceived traditional notions of how a building should be designed. It is futuristic, bold and elegant, much like the remarkable lady whose brainchild it is, Zhang Xin. An incredible life story that would make for a bestselling book or blockbuster movie, this tale gives you reason to dream.

Zhang Xin’s rags to riches story

Zhang Xin was born to well-educated second-generation Burmese Chinese parents who worked as translators at the Foreign Language Press. Unfortunately, this was also the same time that the cultural revolution was gaining steam and her family was shipped off to the countryside for Mao Tse-tung’s ‘re-education’ program. This period was tough on her family and eventually her parents separated, with Zhang Xin remaining in her mother’s care.

They both moved to Hong Kong when she was 14 in an attempt to pick up the pieces of their now-strewn life and livelihood. Her mother got another job as a translator, which could only afford them a room housing two tiny beds, and a bathroom shared with a dozen families. Even at that age, Zhang Xin realised that the one thing that had the power to change her life was education. In an article she wrote for The New York Times in 2014, she recounts, “I spent my teenage years working long hours as a factory girl, sewing collars and buttons onto dress shirts in Hong Kong.”

Bit by bit, she managed to save enough in five years to afford a ticket to London and this courageous young woman packed her bags and set off into the unknown. London was as alien as could be and she soon realised that poverty had followed her there. Not one to be deterred, Zhang Xin took up a day job at a fish and chips stand and at night took English-speaking classes, the one tool that she knew was essential to go further.

SOHO China: unconventional real estate

After securing a scholarship in 1991, she went on to gain an Economics Degree at the University of Sussex. Confidence now gave wind to her wings and she went on to do her master’s in Development Economics at Cambridge University. A stint in the London-based Investment bank Barings, and later Goldman Sachs on famed Wall Street, brought Zhang Xin into the big league.

Wall Street did not sit well with her sensibilities and she made her way back to China where she met her husband Pan Shiyi. The spark was instant and they were engaged four days after they met. But it was something deeper that brought them together, for when Pan Shiyi took her to the heart of Beijing and told her that he wanted to make China’s Manhattan there, she decided to share his dream.

Thus, was born a partnership that created SOHO China, a real estate firm that breaks all barriers, and pushes the limits of the conventional. The company’s business model has changed over the years from manufacturers to landowners, she told Bernhard Zand of Spiegel Online. Speaking of how times have changed, she added, “Twenty years ago, we were only able to build boxes. Today, architects from all over the world are working with us – Zaha Hadid from London, Gerkan, Marg and Partner from Hamburg, Kengo Kuma from Japan. We brought design and digitalisation from abroad to China.” She told Wall Street Journal that she feels very “fortunate to have been able to build so much as a real estate developer, as China goes through urbanisation with cities being built in a very condensed period of time”. 

Success without corruption

But what sets Zhang Xin, now a mother of two, apart is not merely her (considerable) business acumen and success (which with a net worth of US$3.1 billion, puts her 6th on the list of the richest businesswomen in Asia). Instead, it is what she stands for – honesty, transparency and an example of how you can become a success without corruption, family backing or political influence. 

She has chosen Weibo, the Chinese equivalent of Twitter as a platform to share her views and speak her mind. Even though she has an enormous 10 million followers on Weibo, she is refreshingly honest and ‘real’ in her posts, like the one where she makes fun of her own self for falling while skiing, or the photo she’s uploaded from a party where Batman came to visit, or even the post on International Women’s Day where she pays tribute to women she
respects highly, including Anne Frank and Mother Teresa.

It is rare for such a high-profile businessperson to be so honest and open on a social platform in China. But rare, she is. And what could be more honest than the time when she told Lesley Stahl from 60 Minutes (CBS News): “The Chinese people feel a great longing for democracy … I predict that democracy will come to China in less than 20 years.” A statement controversial in itself, told to an American publication, even more so. 

Education, globalisation & social mobility

On the board of Teach for China, and the founder of the SOHO Foundation, Zhang Xin wants to gift the youth of China what she craved for when she was their age – high-quality education that has the power to transform their lives. In her interview for Spiegel Online, she added, “I had a scholarship. So, if I donate money to give brilliant Chinese students an opportunity to study abroad, then this embodies everything I believe in: education, globalisation, social mobility.” 

Out of her familial ruins during the cultural revolution, Zhang Xin went on to create strong personal and professional foundations built on hard work, education, talent and tenacity. She is not only an architect of change in China, but also across the global construction landscape.

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